Rockhopper Exploration Plc, Rockhopper Italia S.p.A. and Rockhopper Mediterranean Ltd v. Italian Republic (ICSID Case No. ARB/17/14)

Tiago Duarte-Silva testified on behalf of Italy in a $450 million ICSID arbitration brought on by Rockhopper Exploration plc, a British oil and gas exploration and production company, under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). The claims were related to an oil and gas discovery project which was not granted permits and concessions following a ban on offshore exploration near the Italian coastline.