antitrust and competition

Horizontal Agreements

Horizontal agreements (i.e., price fixing, bid rigging, wage fixing, or market allocation) between firms can be difficult to prove. CRA uses rigorous, objective economic analysis to assess the plausibility of collusion claims, alleged facilitating devices, and plus factors, to determine whether an alleged horizontal agreement harmed competition and consumers, and to quantify any harm. Our experts also evaluate the scope of alleged conspiracies, identifying affected product lines, the harmed customers, and relevant time periods. CRA experts also have recognized expertise in critiquing opposing expert damage estimates and providing pretrial evaluations of damage claims and methodologies.

Our economists have knowledge of and experience in a wide range of price fixing cases. Some of our recent cases have involved electronic component manufacturers, computer devices, and physician services.


  • 01
    European Commission closes investigations into retail alliances
    On 13 July 2023, the European Commission announced its decision to close its preliminary investigations into certain practices of two European retail...
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  • 02
    European Commission closes antitrust investigation into wood pulp
    On 15 June 2023, the European Commission announced its decision to close its antitrust investigation into potential anticompetitive practices in the wood pulp...
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  • 03
    CMA clears Microsoft's acquisition of ZeniMax
    On 8 March 2021, the European Commission unconditionally cleared Microsoft’s $7.5bn acquisition of ZeniMax (publisher of video games including the Fallout and...
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